The 400 members of Findhorn Foundation in northern Scotland have a 40% smaller "ecological footprint" than the UK average, according to a 2005 study. An ecological analysis measures a given population's impact on the environment by translating the impact of its activities-buildings, clothes, food, water, energy, and all products and services used- into the amount of biologically productive acres on the Earth by the global population (and allowing for other species' needs), environmentalists have determined that each person's "fair share"- how much land one would ideally use to support their activities-is about 3 acres per person. While many Third World countries use far less than their fair share, with people in Napal, for example, using less than half an acre per person, typical North Americans use about 30 acres per person and Europeans use about 15 acres per person. Yet Findhorn found that the ecological footprint of the average community member was about 8 acres or 60 percent of the UK national average.
Contributors: Diana Leafe Christian
Recommended Books: Finding Community: How to Join an Ecovillage or Intentional Community
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